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What Causes a Herniated Disc?

October 12, 2022
Jane Smith

Common Causes of Herniated Discs

A herniated disc is a condition that can lead to pain, numbness, and weakness in the body’s extremities. It occurs when the center of a spinal disc (called the nucleus) bulges or pushes out through a tear in the exterior of the disc (also known as the annulus).

Herniated discs can take place in any part of the spine. When the herniated disc irritates a nearby nerve, pain, numbness, and weakness can often be felt in the adjacent limbs. However, if the disc is not putting pressure on a nerve, it is possible for individuals to experience no pain at all. Symptoms typically lessen within a few months; if they persist, surgery may be needed. But, what causes the issue in the first place?

Wear And Tear On The Spine

Disc degeneration is the most common cause of a herniated disc. Throughout our lives, our backs help us carry and distribute our weight, all while allowing us to move efficiently. As we age, our spinal discs tend to become more fragile and, hence, more prone to tears and rupture.


Herniated discs can also be a result of injury. Road accidents, exaggerated twisting, and improper heavy lifting often lead to trauma in the spine. Any sudden and intense movement can put an excess of pressure on a spinal disc, causing it to herniate.

Degeneration and Trauma

Natural wear and tear make the body more prone to injury during a traumatic event. Sometimes, the spinal discs become so weak that minor movements can lead to herniation; even the sudden force of a sneeze could cause it!

Herniated Disc Specialists on Long Island

If you are feeling weakness or experiencing tingling sensations in your extremities, don’t wait to schedule an appointment with us. The team of professionals at Long Island Brain And Spine is here to provide herniated disc treatment to get you back to feeling like yourself as soon as possible!

If you have any questions or concerns about our diagnosis and treatment process, contact us today; our friendly team will be happy to assist you!

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